Copper is one of the most important elements that is widely used in non-ferrous industries. Features of this functional metal include thermal and electrical conductivity, malleability and ductility.
Copper is one of the elements in the periodic table with the abbreviation (cu). Nebasta copper metal is red and has electrical conductivity, and it can be noted that among metals, only silver has more electrical conductivity than copper at room temperature. Given the antiquity of existing copper artifacts, it can be certain that copper is the oldest metal used by humans. This metal is found in pure form or in the form of minerals in different parts of the world. Copper metal is mined using two methods: metallurgy and hydrometallurgy. There are many large mines in our country, Iran, which can be used usefully.

Application of copper

Due to the flexibility and malleability of copper, it can be used in many cases. Applications of this metal include the production of copper wires, copper pipes, electric magnets, electric switches and amplifiers, sculpture, electromagnetic motors, cookware, stained glass, ceramic glaze, musical instruments, wave conductor For microwave radiation, cathode ray tubes, vacuum tubes, dining utensils such as spoons, forks and knives were mentioned. Due to the high usage of this product, it can be seen that copper is one of the most popular and practical metals.

Physical properties of copper

Copper, gold and silver are among the metals that are grouped in the periodic table. Due to the grouping of these three metals, many of their behaviors are similar to each other. An important and prominent feature of these three metals is their malleability and electrical conductivity. Copper metal bonding will not have covalent bonding properties and is weaker. This means that a single crystal of copper has low hardness and high ductility.

Copper compounds

There are many alloys of copper. For example, it can be mentioned that brass is an alloy of copper and zinc and bronze is an alloy of tin and copper. The most common state of copper oxidation involves the one-vessel copper state.